Remote monitoring through connected products, will reduce visits to unmanned oil platforms. And it will put data at the heart of a new type of service agreement.更新日 2020-06-11 執筆者 Richard Orange 写真 Aker BP
ひと 目 で、これが海洋石油プラットフォームだとわかる人は多くないでしょう。SF 映画の宇宙船のように、銀色に輝くドーム状の建造物が海から飛び出ているのですから。操業はヘルメットをかぶった作業員ではなく、スーツ姿の職員が画面越しにリモートで行います。
Aker BP社の無 人 施 設部門プロジェクトマネージャ ーで あ るスティアン・ウーデゴール氏によれば、この未来型油田は、その良いきっかけになります。「とても未来色の強い想像図ですよね。このイラストの目的は、海洋プラットフォームのコンセプトに対する意識を変え、オイル・ガス業界での議論を促し、既存の枠にとらわれない考え方をしてもらうことにあります」
It probably won’t look like a mushroom, he says. But the unmanned platform is already close to reality. In January 2019, became Norway’s first remote-controlled manned offshore platform.
In August last year, Aker BP signed a contract with Framo, Alfa Laval’s business unit for pumps, which marked an important step on the way. “We are sharing data from our ongoing operations – our assets – directly with Framo, so they can see what’s going on with their pumps, and when and where they need maintenance,” Ødegaard explains.
The company’s software joint venture Cognite has been working to digitise the platform. “It’s collecting millions of data points every day,” Ødegaard says.
What we are doing now is making this ‘horizontal database’, which is aggregating and taking all this data, contextualising them, and putting them into a unified state, so that you can build whatever type of application you like on top of it.
Stian Ødegaard, project manager for Unmanned Installations at Aker BP
As Aker BP relies so heavily on suppliers like Framo, reducing the need to visit a future unmanned platform will require a new type of service agreement. “The whole idea is to ensure that suppliers have the same incentive as us, which is uptime,” Ødegaard says. “We need to revisit how we plan maintenance in totality.”
Aker BP hopes that Framo will use cutting-edge ‘big data’ analysis to develop predictive tools that can indicate when repairs or maintenance are likely to be needed. If other companies follow Aker B P’s lead and share data with suppliers, companies like Framo will gain ever more detailed insights into their equipment. By helping its suppliers identify and eliminate such common faults, Aker BP hopes they will soon be able to sign contracts guaranteeing maintenance free uptime.
Ødegaard says: “The question is, what type of artificial intelligence, predictive maintenance or analytics will give you the comfort that you could say to me, ‘yes, it can stand there for three years. I will monitor it and I will tell you when it needs something, but I can guarantee that it won’t be more than every second year.’”
For now, the data sharing deal is exploratory, a first step on the way toward a new kind of contract. Framo and Aker BP have yet to thrash out what sort of performance indicators they will measure and what Framo would be liable for. But Ødegaard believes that when the new type of data-driven contract is finalised, it could bring big changes.
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The prospect of truly unmanned oil platforms involves not only looking at processes in a different way, but also reimagining what an oil platform might look like.
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